Case Study: The Scottish Men’s Sheds Association

As part of our Relationships Project, we’re collating a series of case studies from a range of sectors and contexts that demonstrate the benefits and workings of relationship-centred design. Whilst we hope they help build a case for prioritising deep-value relationships, we recognise that – especially at this early stage – we are still learning. We therefore welcome comments, insights, critiques and ideas for case studies from people and organisations across sectors. Please don’t hesitate to get in touch at

Men’s Sheds in Scotland: Spaces to Talk, Collaborate and Improve Health and Wellbeing “Shoulder to Shoulder”

You can read the full case study below or take a look at and download the infographic – which provides a short, print-friendly summary of the case study – here.

Introducing Men’s Sheds in Scotland

Men’s Sheds are places for men to meet to improve health and social outcomes. They originated in Australia circa 1995, and are generally set up as voluntary non-profit organisations (SCIO charities). Men’s Sheds now exist across the world, and are expanding at an exponential rate.

The Scottish Men’s Sheds Association charity (SMSA), started in 2014, fits within this global umbrella. It supports the developmental needs of Scotland’s grassroots Men’s Sheds movement, which now numbers over 1,500 Sheds.

The SMSA is careful not to prescribe precisely what a Men’s Shed must be, but does offer this definition: “a permanent meeting place for men where lots of good community and healthy ‘self and group determined’ experiences take place. They take place by ‘everyday’ men with ‘time on their hands’ willing to act with the skills they already have within their local community.” The SMSA looks to provide, “maybe for the first time, an ethos and a place for men who are appreciated for who they are and not defined by what they do.”

How do Men’s Sheds in Scotland work?

Men’s Sheds are places for men, usually over the age of 18, to socialise and share skills to improve health outcomes. Sheds can take any physical form, and the projects and social activities in each Shed are based on the interests of its members. Crucially, men are welcomed not on the basis of what they do or have done, but who they are.

Sheds tend to have a two-tier constitution of members and board members, with each Shed totally responsible for funding and running itself. Each Shed is run by a volunteer Shed Committee, made up of members. Men’s Sheds are typically founded, as the SMSA notes, by “someone thinking ‘Wouldn’t it be great if we had a Men’s Shed here?’”

The SMSA offers multiple support levels to help with this, on topics such as becoming an SCIO charity, community asset transfers, funding, insurance, health and safety, risk assessments, good governance and Shed sustainability. The SMSA also has a range of online resources to help people found Men’s Sheds in Scotland, including an extensive 45-page website with a ‘Find a Shed’ map, Facebook and Twitter groups, forums, a YouTube channel, memberships, newsletters, signposting and how-to guides.

The SMSA also recognises and works to solve a range of sustainability challenges. SMSA research partners Glasgow Caledonian University are presently doing a three-year research project (funded by The Big Lottery Community Fund), and recently published initial findings highlighting a range of common problems Sheds face. Most notable are securing funding, ensuring necessary expertise, an over-reliance on enthusiastic volunteers, the acquisition of premises, recruiting younger members, encouraging members to share skills and promoting the Shed.

Men’s Sheds have been conceived in the context of a range of alarming facts around (originally older) men’s physical and mental health. Not only are men more likely than women to be obese, commit suicide and feel socially isolated; they are also on average less likely to feel equipped to speak about their health problems. By providing a healthy space in which men can do just that – initially speaking “shoulder to shoulder” while working on mutual projects – Men’s Sheds are designed to tackle many of these outcomes.

What impact are Men’s Sheds in Scotland having?

A considerable impact. The latest Ipsos MORI global report, The Perennials: The Future of Ageing, identifies Men’s Sheds as a positive model in adapting to an ageing population. More specifically, in 2017, Age Scotland surveyed 133 Men’s Shedders, 90% of whom were over the age of 50, to assess the impact of Scottish Men’s Sheds on health and wellbeing. The research also included group discussions and some in-depth qualitative interviews.

Social impact

The research found that Scottish Men’s Sheds are almost universally found to have a positive impact on health, wellbeing and the wider community – all things repeatedly referenced through the surveys and interviews. The chart below summarises the key findings around the reported effects of survey respondents’ involvement with Men’s Sheds. It shows the survey statement on the vertical axis and the percentage of respondents to have responded with each response along the horizontal axis.

It is important to note that, though we’ve focused on Scotland here, and there are no doubt local idiosyncrasies in the effects of Men’s Sheds, these findings are entirely in keeping with research from elsewhere in Scotland and internationally.

Moreover, in addition to the individual benefits for Shedders, it is important to consider the impact their various projects – many of which are community focused – have on their wider communities.

Economic impact

There is a lack of quantitative research into how these reported health benefits are translating into improved objective health outcomes and, in turn, NHS cost savings. This work would be valuable. Nevertheless, especially in light of similar projects like Compassionate Frome, it seems a safe assumption that this increased sociality and perceived health improvement is resulting in considerable NHS cost savings. Each GP visit, for instance, costs the NHS around £30.

What’s more, in 2015 Social Return on Investment (SroI) was calculated for Scotland’s first Men’s Shed – in Westhill, Aberdeenshire – covering a year. It found that for every pound invested, a social return of £9.80 (1:10) was realised. This level of return is almost unprecedented, and the long-term national financial benefits of Sheds far outweigh the short-term financial gains they may generate for local councils.

What can Men’s Sheds in Scotland teach us about effective relationship-centred design?

Skills, relationships and wellbeing go hand in hand.

53% of Age Scotland respondents said they joined a Men’s Shed to learn new skills: the most popular answer. In the context of the benefits of Men’s Sheds, this shows how important learning can be as a vehicle for developing meaningful relationship. As the Glasgow Caledonian University research shows, though, sourcing and sharing such skills is not always easy.

A sense of belonging is vital.

93% of Age Scotland reported agreeing or strongly agreeing that they felt at home in their Men’s Shed. A sense of belonging is invaluable if trusting, mutual, rich relationships are to develop.

People must retain agency in meaningful relationships.

Men’s Sheds are optional, non-prescriptive, creative spaces in which Shedders retain agency over whether, when and how they participate.

Collaboration builds connection.

Sharing skills and projects is a core part of the Men’s Sheds experience. The value of this to men’s experiences and relationships (speaking “shoulder to shoulder”) shines throughout Age Scotland’s research.

Relationships need space.

Men’s Sheds are premised and named around the idea that a physical space in which men can come together is valuable. Indeed, as many of our case studies attest, shared, accessible space is vital for meaningful relationships to take root.

Community connectors are often critical.

Enthusiastic founding members are important in getting Sheds off the ground, to the extent that this reliance is often a barrier to sustainability. Community connectors of this source are a fantastic resource, but must be supported by sustainable infrastructure.

What’s next for Men’s Sheds in Scotland?

The SMSA and the Scottish Men’s Sheds Movement continue to grow and thrive, with a 45% realised Shed group growth rate in 2018/19 positively affecting over 5,000 men. The Glasgow Caledonian University research illuminates the challenges it faces to ensure Sheds are sustainable, and why more effective partnerships with councils, TSI’s, philanthropists and health and community organisations are vital.

Want to learn more?

  • The SMSA website includes an introduction to the idea.
  • It also offers advice on how to start a Men’s Shed.
  • Age Scotland’s research results are available online, as is a lot of testimony that emerged through the research.
  • Researchers at Glasgow Caledonian University recently published initial findings around the challenges facing the SMSA.
  • Emma Foster, Sarah-Anne Munoz and Stephen Leslie’s study of a Men’s Shed in northern Scotland correlated with the Age Scotland study.


Has this case study inspired any comments, ideas or critiques?

Please do get in touch with us at if so. An essential part of the Relationships Project is learning from others engaged in thinking about relationship-centred design. We don’t have all the answers, so hope some people reading will contribute suggestions.